Cross-sectional epidemiological study on hospitalizations for severe acute respiratory syndrome caused by COVID-19 in Brazil

Cross-sectional study on hospitalizations for COVID-19 in Brazil

  • Guilherme Gallo Costa Gomes Universidade de São Paulo
Keywords: Coronavirus Infections, Betacoronavirus, Brazil, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

Abstract

Objective: To describe the number of hospitalizations and deaths due to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome by COVID-19 in the 27 Brazilian federative units. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study was carried out so that data on the numbers of cases and deaths from Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome by COVID-19 and other causes (Influenza, other respiratory viruses, other etiological agents, unspecified survey), sex and age group. Results: The etiological agent Sars-CoV-2 generated more hospitalizations and deaths due to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome when compared to the total data of hospitalizations due to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome in the same period of 2019 in the 27 federative units, moreover, it generated more deaths than than other causes until the 33rd epidemiological week in all states. Men over 60 years of age also had a higher incidence of cases and deaths compared to other age groups, especially in individuals who have risk factors such as heart disease and diabetes mellitus. Final considerations: After analyzing the data presented, it is possible to verify that the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome caused by COVID-19 caused a great burden in the intensive care environments due to the respiratory and cardiac involvement of the patients, evolving to respiratory failure and death. The number of deaths due to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome caused by COVID-19 was higher than other causes in all States and men over 60 years of age had a higher incidence of cases and deaths in relation to the other age groups.

Published
06-12-2020
How to Cite
Gallo Costa Gomes, G. (2020). Cross-sectional epidemiological study on hospitalizations for severe acute respiratory syndrome caused by COVID-19 in Brazil: Cross-sectional study on hospitalizations for COVID-19 in Brazil. InterAmerican Journal of Medicine and Health, 4. https://doi.org/10.31005/iajmh.v4i.157
Section
Original Articles