Approach to the diagnosis of opportunistic infections of the lungs in adults with AIDS

  • Galo Guillermo Farfán-Cano Society of Infectious Diseases of Guayas
  • Stanley Guillermo Farfán-Cano King Juan Carlos University
  • Harold Reynaldo Farfán Cano University of Guayaquil
  • Glen Andrés Silva-Rojas Catholic University of Santiago of Guayaquil
  • Wilson Fabian Loor Parada Catholic University of Santiago of Guayaquil
  • Kevin Joshua Silva Rojas Catholic University of Santiago of Guayaquil
Keywords: Opportunistic Infections, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections, Lung Diseases, Fungal, Pneumonia

Abstract

The AIDS epidemic remains one of the most important public health problems of the 21st century. Delayed diagnosis of HIV infection in patients with advanced states of immunosuppression (in the absence of highly active antiretroviral treatment [HAART]) significantly increases the risk of acquiring infections classified as opportunistic. Opportunistic infections (OIs) that affect the respiratory system in patients diagnosed with HIV/AIDS are a factor of high morbidity and mortality. Their usually insidious presentation, with non-specific symptoms and signs, makes their timely diagnosis and differentiation difficult. Among these, the most frequent ones affecting the respiratory system in Ecuador are: bacterial pneumonias, histoplasmosis, Pnemumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, cryptococcosis, candidiasis or mycobacterial infection. Below is an approach to the diagnosis of these diseases.

Author Biographies

Galo Guillermo Farfán-Cano, Society of Infectious Diseases of Guayas

I am a General practitioner, graduated from the University of Guayaquil in 2011. I get a Master 's degree in HIV Infection from King Juan Carlos University in 2015. Since December of 2016, I am a board member of the Society of Infectious Diseases of Guayas (SIG - Sociedad de Infectología del Guayas)

Stanley Guillermo Farfán-Cano, King Juan Carlos University

Master's degree in HIV infection

Harold Reynaldo Farfán Cano, University of Guayaquil

School of Medicine

Glen Andrés Silva-Rojas, Catholic University of Santiago of Guayaquil

School of Medicine

Wilson Fabian Loor Parada, Catholic University of Santiago of Guayaquil

School of Medicine

Kevin Joshua Silva Rojas, Catholic University of Santiago of Guayaquil

School of Dentistry

Published
07-02-2021
How to Cite
Farfán-Cano, G. G., Farfán-Cano, S. G., Farfán-Cano, H. R., Silva-Rojas, G. A., Loor-Parada, W. F., & Silva-Rojas, K. J. (2021). Approach to the diagnosis of opportunistic infections of the lungs in adults with AIDS. InterAmerican Journal of Medicine and Health, 4. https://doi.org/10.31005/iajmh.v4i.169
Section
Review Articles

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