Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of victims intoxicated by the herbicide Paraquat in the southern cone of the Legal Amazon-Brazil

Poisoning by the herbicide Paraquat

  • Laurindo Pereira de Souza IAMSPE-SP
  • Cidia Vasconcellos
  • Rafael Ayres Romanholo
  • Júlio César Santos Silva

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological and clinical profile of victims intoxicated by the herbicide Paraquat treated in the emergency of the Hospital Complex in the south of the legal Amazon. Method: This was a quantitative, cross-sectional, and retrospective study. The epidemiological and clinical profile of the patients was analyzed using the exogenous intoxication investigation forms and medical records in the search period from 2012 to 2018. Results: The highest deaths occurred in males, 61.1%; however, the epidemiological profile revealed no statistical significance (p> 0.05) for the analyzed variables. The clinical profile demonstrated a significant relationship between the respiratory and renal systems and the outcome of death. Conclusion:Portanto, por meio da análise epidemiológica deste estudo, concluiu-se que tanto homens quanto mulheres têm a mesma chance de intoxicação, embora adultos jovens de 18 a 29 anos sejam mais propensos à intoxicação por paraquat como tentativa de autoextermínio. Também houve uma tendência de que as vítimas com idade entre 40 a 49 anos e indivíduos do sexo masculino morressem mais. Por fim, as manifestações clínicas que mais contribuíram para o desfecho do óbito foram relacionadas ao comprometimento da função respiratória e renal.

Published
03-03-2021
How to Cite
de Souza, L. P., Vasconcellos, C., Romanholo, R. A., & Silva, J. C. S. (2021). Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of victims intoxicated by the herbicide Paraquat in the southern cone of the Legal Amazon-Brazil: Poisoning by the herbicide Paraquat. InterAmerican Journal of Medicine and Health, 4. https://doi.org/10.31005/iajmh.v4i.178
Section
Original Articles